The Kairntech platform Sherpa goes a long way in order to give the users access to powerful machine learning capabilities wrapped inside an intuitive, easy-to-use GUI. While this is key for allowing non-technical users and domain experts without data science background to use the Sherpa, there is a second approach to working with the Sherpa: Using the REST API. In this little tutorial we’ll explain how to implement a sample client in python that gives you access to the functionalities of the Sherpa API.
The complete code of the sample client can be found HERE, and we’ll explain the setup step by step.
In what follows we assume that you have python 3 installed on your machine and are familiar with using a text editor in order to write code and finally execute a python script on the command-line. We also assume that you have access to a Sherpa server. The Sherpa is a proprietary software from Kairntech. We maintain instances of the Sherpa online for testing and demos. If you need access please notify us at firstname.lastname@example.org and we’ll get back to you.
Finally, the client that we are about to implement requires a handful of python modules to be installed. If when launching the client, an error message informs you that this specific module is not present, you can add it easily using the default python procedures. For instance if your python installation does not yet contain the pandas library, the command below allows you to quickly add that:
# pip install pandas Collecting pandas Downloading https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/*******/pandas-0.24.2-cp35-cp35m-manylinux1_x86_64.whl (10.0MB) 100% |████████████████████████████████| 10.0MB 928kB/s Installing collected packages: pandas Successfully installed pandas-0.24.2 #
A full introduction into the use of the pip python module installer is beyond the scope of this text. See https://pypi.org/project/pip/ for details on pip.
The Kairntech Sherpa API
The Sherpa can be accessed via calls to REST API methods via any client that “speaks” REST. A full documentation of the API can be accessed at https://sherpa.kairntech.com/swagger-ui/. This page contains a full list of the available calls, the required parameters and the format of the results returned by the respective call. All the user interactions that can be performed on the GUI web interface can be executed also via the API, so you have complete access to the full range of methods such as logging in, checking the list of existing projects, creating a new one, uploading documents, launching a training job and collecting the results of an annotation and many more.
Interacting productively with the Sherpa API is in principle possible just by checking the documentation above, but having a sample client that spells out how things are supposed to work often helps to save some time. So here we go:
In what follows we’ll follow one specific scenario, namely the process of logging on to the platform, checking the list of installed models, then checking the list of available trained models in one of these and finally sending a text (or a directory of texts) to the Sherpa to be annotated with that model and returning the results.
In order to interact with the Sherpa server you first need to log in. The respective call will return a “Bearer token” that must be submitted with subsequent calls in the same session. The respective code in python is pretty straightforward:
When executing the code above a “bearer token” will be returned and printed. This shows that accessing the server was successful and we are now ready to use the obtained token to access the API with specific tasks.
Listing projects and models
When working with the Sherpa GUI, the application immediately presents me the list of installed projects, inviting me to select one (or create a new one). When working with the API, however, I may not know what projects are available, so we first request a list of the installed projects. Fortunately there is an API call for that. And the same is true for the list of models inside one project. The code below exemplifies this for the projects:
Using the bearer token that we received as a result of the previous call, we can ask Sherpa for a list of the installed projects.
After having selected the project we want to use (and the specific model – there can be several models inside one project corresponding to training runs with the different available training algorithms) we are now set to send content to the Sherpa and have it annotated.
The “call_sherpa” function above calls the Sherpa server with the token, the project and the model on a piece of text and then returns a dictionary of the resulting annotations, where the dictionary key is the entity type (say, PERSON or LOCATION or whatever the selected model has been training to recognize). Multiple values for the same key are returned as a list.
Printing the results
The only thing left to do now is to decide how our client shall return the results of the call. We have decided here for the results to be printed into a CSV file with one line per processed file, the columns being the entity types of the selected models and each cell containing the list of entities for that entity type in that file:
When launching our sample client on a directory with English public tenders collected from the EU Tender website https://ted.europa.eu/TED/main/HomePage.do and sending them to a Sherpa model trained to find certain metadata such as the tender’s due date, the estimated volume and the tender’s subject, the script returns a csv file with the corresponding information, allowing to easily check for, say, the next tender that is due or the one with the largest volume or the one that best fits my company’s profile – all these questions would have kept me busy for hours if I had to compile the respective information manually.
We have introduced the use of the Sherpa REST API with a simple example: Sending a textfile to a given entity extraction model and returning the results of the annotation as a CSV Excel table. Please checkout the complete code HERE in order to have a working example (the snippets above only outline the highlevel approach).
Our suggested client already responds to a wide range of use cases: Given the appropriate Sherpa model one could now send documents on clinical trials to the server and automatically generate an Excel table listing what drugs are investigated for which disease; or working on public tenders one could generate a table listing when what kind of project with what contract volume is due; or working with invoices, which amount was paid when to which recipient.
As mentioned at the beginning, the scenario selected here only serves as an example of the potential use of the API. Please let us know about additional scenarios that you have in mind. Also note that the Sherpa API is under constant development. At the time of writing this little tutorial we are finalizing the next version of the API that will also offer calls for document categorization and more and more functionality will be added in the near future.